Trauma is a common cause of injury in young patients. Falls onto an outstretched hand, lacerations, crush injuries or getting the hand stuck in an object can lead to fractures, dislocations or other injuries. Striking or punching an object is a common cause of fractures in the hand. Fractures of the fifth metacarpal hand bone are referred to as 'Boxer's Fractures'.
Repetitive use is a common cause of hand injury. People whose occupations require repetitive work, such as carpenters, machinists and typists are particularly susceptible to Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Athletes in sports such as football or baseball also frequently sustain hand injuries.
Normal wear and tear on the joints can accumulate over time and may lead to arthritis and/or deformity.